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           Glossary of Literary Terms

Character A person in a story, play or poem
Characterization The way the author presents character in a story. It usually refers to the actions, feelings and thoughts of the characters.
Climax The most exciting part of a story
Conflict The struggle within a character or between central characters that causes tension in the story.
Imagery The use of vivid descriptions to create a word picture or image. These words or phases usually appeal to the five senses.
Moral values The lessons that we can learn from the story or poem
Metaphor A way of comparing two or more things without using the words 'like' or 'as', e.g. 'Kino was a terrible machine now' (p. 84, para. 5)
Plot The series of events in a story and the way they are linked together
Personification The technique of giving human characteristics to non-human elements such as an object, idea or animal
Point of view The angle from which the story is told, either first person or third person.
Protagonist The main character in a story.
Setting The time, place and social environment of the drama in a story. It usually tells readers when, where and what happens in a story.
Simile A way of comparing things in an unusual or unexpected way using the words 'like' or 'as', e.g. 'He scattered the old women like chickens' (p.34, para. 2).
Theme The main idea or concern in a story or poem. It refers to the comment the author is making about people and situations.